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Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean Sea. It constitutes an independent country forming part of the Antilles. The island is located south of Cuba and west of the territory of Haiti. The mountainous area of Blue Mountain is located in the east of the island in Surrey County.
The plantations are located at around 2000m above sea level allowing the coffee trees to access the volcanic subsoil rich in nutrients.
Thanks to its tropical climate and the oceanic influence of the Caribbean Sea, the temperature never drops below 4 °. The coffee trees do not know snow and frost which ensures a slow and regular ripening of the cherries on the tree.
The combination of high altitude and unique climatic conditions results in a cup with an aromatic profile of "high quality".
As early as 1891, Jamaica was one of the pioneer countries in the idea of designing "high quality" coffee, linked to its terroir and know-how. In 1944, the idea materialized with the creation of the Central Coffee Cleaning House, a unique processing industry to guarantee constant quality and consistency of coffee for export. Subsequently, strict specifications and exemplary regulations ensured the cultivation, harvest and treatment of quality green coffee.
From 1973, the establishment of the "Blue Mountain" appellation brought together the best coffee production in Jamaica. This coffee, conditioned in small barrels, becomes the most recognized and the most expensive in the world.
The cultivation of Blue Mountain Coffee is limited to the parishes of Portland, St Andrew and St Thomas, all three located around Mount "Blue Mountain".
Did you know ?
It was in 1728 that the governor, Sir Nicolas Lawes, imported the first coffee plants into Jamaica, which were cultivated for the first time in the parish of St Andrew, on the "Flamstead" soil.
Today, only coffee grown from an altitude of 1800 m can be called Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee.